October 1, 2007 06:06 - October Highland Games
Any one working on Scottish Wedding Theme planning can use a good dose of Highland Games. If you want to hire a local bagpiper, see some samples of different tartans up close, view different interpretations of the various styles of kilts, learn more about your clan's history, hear some different ideas for music, eat a day-full of Scottish food, and see lots of Scottish traditions first hand ~ then a nice Highland Game is the way to go.
For more detailed information about the events listed, go to U.S. Scots and the Scottish Heritage Society.
- October 1, Holmdel, NJ ~ New Jersey Scottish Heritage Festival
- October 5 to 7, Loch Hartwell, GA ~ Loch Hartwell Highland Games
- October 5 to 6, St Louis, MO ~ St Louis Scottish Games
- October 6 to 8, Murfreesboro, TN ~ Tennessee Highland Games
- October 5 to 7, Red Springs, NC ~ Flora MacDonald Highland Games
- October 5 to 13, Cape Breton, NS, Canada ~ Celtic Colours International Festival
- October 6, Goshen, CT ~ St Andrews Society of Connecticut Festival
- October 6, Ben Lomond, CA ~ Loch Lomond Highland Games
- October 7 to 8, Salisbury, MD ~ Chesapeake Celtic Festival
- October 7 to 8, Tallahassee, FL ~ Tallahassee Scottish Highland Games
- October 7, Scotland, CT ~ Scotland's Highland Festival
- October 8, Tokyo, Japan ~ Japan Scottish Highland Games
- October 12 to 14, Ventura, CA ~ Seaside Highland Games
- October 13, Crownsville, MD ~ Anne Arundel Scottish Festival
- October 14, Radford, VA ~ Radford Highlanders Festival
- October 14 to 5, Bedford, TX ~ Bedford Celtic Heritage Festival
- October 14 to 15, NSW, Australia ~ Australian Federation Tattoo
- October 20 to 21, Rio Rancho, NM ~ Rio Rancho Highland Games
- October 14, Dapto, NSW ~ Australia Wollongong Highland Games & Pipe Band Competition
- October 21, Manchester, CT ~ Understanding Scotland Conference
- October 21 to 22, Amarillo, TX ~ Amarillo Celtic Festival & Craft Faire
- October 19 to 21, Atlanta, GA ~ Stone Mountain Highland Games
- October 22, South Australia ~ Glenbarr Highland Gathering
- October 22, Kobe, Japan ~ Kansai Highland Games
- October 27 to 29, Kirkland, WA ~ Keith Highlanders Pipe Band Concerts
- October 27 to 29, Madisonville, LA ~ Celtic Nations Heritage Festival of Louisiana
- October 28 to 29, Richmond, VA ~ Richmond Highland Games
- October 27 to 28, Waxhaw, NC ~ Scottish Society of the Waxhaws Gathering of the Clans
- October 28, Cary, NC ~ Gaelic Halloween Festival
Coming tomorrow, Simple Treasures
October 2, 2007 13:26 - Simple Treasures
This last week I've been re-reading Highland Folk Ways. The author was also the curator for Am Fasgadh, a museum of everyday tools and instruments. It has substantiated what I've stated elsewhere, that the Scotsmen were well-traveled sailors with varied, interesting gee-gaws in their homes.
Quoting from page 196…as collected for the museum, "even the simplest house nearly always contained some treasure that had been handed down - perhaps a silver toddy ladle with a stem of twisted whalebone, perhaps a lacquer snuff box or a bit of fine china or an engraved wine glass or two, but often it was something exotic. I have again and again been told that the people in some cottage had something really interesting, only to find such things as an ostrich's egg, a carved coco-nut or an Eastern dagger. Comparing notes with someone who had collected for a similar Museum in England I learnt that to find so many things from remote parts is peculiar to the Highlands. It is indeed characteristic of our wandering race that although all the old plenishings (household furnishings) may vanish from their houses I think there will always be found there things sent from the ends of the world."
In Scots, geegaw becomes gewgaw, or giue-gaue, defined as a worthless ornament, a toy, broken fragments of china used as toys. Though worthless to others, such items are often held dearly within the family, and can well be used as a decoration for your wedding ceremony or reception.
See the Bibliography for more complete information about Highland Folk Ways
Coming tomorrow, Russian Bowls from the Baltic Sea…
Editor's Note: Russian Bowls did not get published in sequence, but on October 8th instead
October 3, 2007 07:46 - Fairin's and Mindin's
Is there a difference between a fairin' and a mindin'?
Well, a fairing was usually a gift bought at the fair, or given while at the fair. Some fairs were held weekly, depending on the size of the community and the time of year.
Fairings were tokens declaring one's love to his betrothed ~ sweets, ribbons, small pieces of inexpensive jewelry are examples. The original Luckenbooth brooches (July 27th blog) were probably inexpensive fairings.
The song, Oh, Dear, What Can the Matter Be? gives a good explanation of a fairing.
Oh, dear, what can the matter be?
Oh, dear, what can the matter be?
Oh, dear, what can the matter be?
Johnny bydes lang at the fair.
He promised to buy me a trinket to please me
And then for a smile, oh, he vowed he would tease me
He promised to buy me a bunch of blue ribbons
To tye up my bonny brown hair.
He promised to buy me a beautiful faring,
A gay bit of lace that the lassies are wearing
He promised he'd buy me a bunch of new ribbons
To tie up my bonnie brown hair.
He promised to buy me a basket of posies,
A garland of lilies, a wreath of red roses,
A little straw hat to set off the new ribbons
That tie up my bonnie brown hair.
This song is included in Lovers, Rakes and Rogues, available from Amazon.com ~ a book of amatory, merry, and bawdy verse from 1580 to 1830
Then, what's a mindin'? A small token, or gift, not from the fair. Perhaps made by the betrothed, or purchased elsewhere. The thought behind them is to remind the bride of her groom, to bring him to mind.
The Russian 'sugar bowls' of yesterday's blog could be a mindin'. The Welsh still carve beautiful wooden spoons to give to their beloved. The Scottish lads also carved wooden ladles for their lady fair…learn more tomorrow.
October 4, 2007 06:25 - Wooden Ladles
Wooden ladles were a betrothal gift. A few are still found in the Highlands. Usually they were carved from a solid block of wood, often with a heart carved on them. Some ladles were elaborately carved, a few were made of horn.
Found in a variety of sizes and shapes, they all had a hook carved into the handle that kept the ladle from slipping down into the pot.
Wood was more plentiful in the central and eastern Highlands ~ birch, fir, pine, ash, rowan, and holly. On the islands and the western Highlands, willow, hazel, bogwood, and driftwood were more plentiful.
The following clan plants would have given enough wood for carving a ladle ~ apple, crab apple, ash, bay, beech, birch, bog myrtle, boxwood, driftwood, fir, hawthorn, hazel, holly, juniper, laurel, lime tree, oak, pine, rowan, sycamore, uilleann, and yew.
To find your clan plant, go to Scottish Wedding Dreams Clan Plants.
The traveling tinkers were sometimes skilled in feathering, a decorative tongue and groove joinery used to construct staves for buckets. The fairin's and mindin's of wealthier grooms may have included ladles built of feathered wood from smaller shrubs joined into workable size for a ladle. In such a manner, clan plants that weren't large enough on their own could have been carved into a ladle.
Welsh spoons, still popular as a wedding gift from the groom to the bride, show how intricate and beautiful the ladles might have been…
October 5, 2007 13:39 - Ilwyau Caru ~ Welsh Love Spoons
Better known in Wales as llwyau caru, or llwyau serch, Welsh love spoons are a betrothal tradition that's spread across the Celtic nations and among those of Celtic heritage.
Though no one is certain when the tradition started, there are spoons dating back into the 1600's. There's three different theories ~ take your pick.
1. A 1789 legend claims the spoons originated with sailors. The Welsh sailor spent long, lonely hours at sea, pining for the girl he hoped to marry someday. While at sea he carved a spoon for her, with many sea-going themes on the spoons from his everyday experiences. The legend also claims the nestling ability of the spoons reflects the sailor's life, with no personal space.
To support this legend the sailing themes are the anchor, ship, Celtic rigging knotwork, and ship's wheel.
2. A spoon, as a most basic household utensil, signifies feeding oneself, even from early childhood. The carving and giving of a love spoon may have represented the carver's ability and desire to provide for the girl.
3. In an agricultural society, a young man had to prove to a girl's father he was a capable of providing for a family and able to work with his hands to maintain a farming lifestyle.
Agricultural themes include the wagon wheel, twisted stems, vines, horse shoe, and grapes.
Whoever started the idea, traditionally the love spoons were carved from one piece of wood to display the carver's skill. He worked with nothing more than a pin-kinfe, or small pocket-knife. The handle received his full attention and skills, eventually being carved with piercings, relief, fretwork, or all three woodcarving techniques.
Wooden chains, swivels, balls within chains and rings displayed even greater skills, as the carvers figured out how to make these from one piece of wood.
Legends tell of popular young ladies accepting several spoons before selecting her future husband. Each of the designs came to have personal meanings, just as flowers did in the Victorian Era.
For the meanings, sources, and more information go the Scottish Wedding Dreams Welsh Love Spoons.
October 8, 2007 05:29 - Russian Bowls
Are you familiar with the bright red, black and gold colors found on the Russian Matryoshka or Babushka nested dolls?
In Scotland you'll find the same bright, gay colors painted on "sugar bowls", in Russian designs. Particularly in fishing communities, they had a place of prominence and pride on the kitchen table. These sugar bowls were also from Russia.
Men across Scotland hired out to the fishermen off the Orkney and Shetland Islands, especially the ports of Caithness on the northeast coast of Scotland. They bought these bowls from Russian fishermen also working the fishing beds in the Baltic Sea.
The bowls were brought home to their wives, betrothed, and mothers as gifts from a far away place. The sugar bowls were found in fisher communities specifically, but all over Scotland as well.
I.F. Grant, author of Highland Folk Ways, mentioned last week, has seen examples in Sutherland in the far north, the western island of South Uist, and most of the old-fashioned cottages in the Eochar district.
Though the origins of such bowls have been forgotten, they are still treasured in some families, as an oddity from far away, brought home by a forgotten ancestor for someone special in his life, perhaps as a fairin'.
Coming tomorrow, dowry ropes ???
October 9, 2007 06:09 - The Dowry Rope on St. Kildas
The terms of a dowry were sometimes very detailed, but always very important. If you've seen the movie The Quiet American, this is an example of a 20th Century dowry agreement. Even rope entered into some dowrys.
Many types of rope had evolved in the Highlands. Rushes, straw, and root fibers were all twisted into ropes for various purposes. Honeysuckle and heather were considered among the finest fibers for rope making. But the very strongest and best was horsehair. Though very light and strong, the needed quantity of horsehair was hard to come by.
One story tells of a man stabling his pony while attending a fair. When he returned to the stable, every hair had been plucked from his pony's tail.
On the isle of St. Kilda a very necessary, but convoluted, tradition developed. A young man could not marry until he had a fowler's rope to lower himself down the cliffs to take birds for the family table.
Image courtesy Wikipedia
Can you imagine lowering yourself down a cliff like this to get your daily food?
The bride-to-be was expected to bring her groom a pound of horsehair. This he twisted into a light-weight rope for snaring seabirds.
The bride would also have woven herself a snood of horsehair.
What really makes these traditions so intriguing is that there were few, or no, horses on St. Kildas.
Tomorrow, learn more about St Kildas past and present…
October 10, 2007 07:00 - St Kildas
Sitting out in the North Atlantic Ocean is the isolated archipelago of St Kilda. Its largest island, Hirta, boasts the highest sea cliffs in the U.K.
Map courtesy Wikipedia
Unable to fish due to the sporadic weather and wild seas, the islanders lived on seabirds, sheep, barley, corn and potatoes. Many seabirds breed on St Kilda, including Northern Gannets, Leach's Petrels, Atlantic Puffins, and the Northern Fulmars.
St Kildans paid some of their rent by collecting seabirds by roping down the cliffs to the seabird nests. To collect the birds and eggs involved climbing the precipitous sea stacks as seen in yesterday's blog.
Photo courtesy Wikipedia
The Feather Store held the fulmar and gannet feathers that were sold to pay their annual rents. This building is highly reminiscent of the August 30, 2007 blog, Irish Cottage Wedding Venue.
Photo courtesy Wikipedia
An important island tradition involved the Mistress Stone. Young men of the island had to undertake a ritual there to prove themselves on the crags and worthy of taking a wife.
Photo courtesy Wikipedia
The stone looks like a door. The young man would stand within the door, on his left foot with half of his sole over the rock. He would then place his right foot further out to the left and bow. Both his hands had to be further out than his right foot. He was then counted worthy to take a wife.
The house designated number 16 has an early Christian stone cross built into the front wall, which may date from the 7th century.
There were never more than 180 people on St. Kildas. After two thousand years of being populated, the residents were evacuated in 1930, at their own request, after a young lady died of appendicitis.
The morning of the evacuation, the islanders left an open Bible and a small pile of oats in each house, locked all the doors, at 7 a.m. boarded the Harebell, and left the island.
The Scottish folk rock band Runrig have recorded a song, At the Edge of the World, which tells of the isolated existence on the island and how "…the man from St. Kilda went over the cliff on a winter's day".
As part of the National Trust for Scotland, it is a World Heritage Site holding a combined status for natural, marine, and cultural qualities.
October 11, 2007 06:12 - Empress Eugenie ~ Elegant and Charming
Empress Eugenie, wife of Napoleon III, had a Scottish grandfather, William Kirkpatrick of Closeburn. Beautiful, elegant, and charming, Eugenie contributed greatly to the brilliance of France and the fashion of her time, as this portrait of Eugenie and her ladies shows.
1855 Winterhalter portrait courtesy Wikipedia
As the last empress of France, she contributed greatly to the brilliance of the imperial regime.
In 1855 she wore the new cage crinoline, with all of Europe soon following her example. In the late 1860's Eugenie, encouraged by her couturier Charles Worth, abandoned vast skirts. Again all of Europe followed her fashion lead.
Eugénie's aristocratic elegance, splendor of dress and legendary jewels are renowned and well documented in innumerable paintings.
Winterhalter portrait courtesy Wikipedia
Her regal qualities lived on in her goddaughter, Victoria Eugenie of Battenberg, Queen Victoria's granddaughter. And again in Princess Eugenie, born in 1990 to the Duke and Duchess of York (Sarah Ferguson).
Tomorrow one of her gowns will be featured for a Scottish theme wedding dress…
October 12, 2007 06:03 - Empress Eugenie and A Possible Wedding Gown
Winterhalter portrait courtesy of Wikipedia
After reading about the Empress Eugenie, her excellent taste, and her reliance on Charles Worth to dress her appropriately, this particular gown shows so many possibilities as a Scottish theme wedding gown.
The tiers of elaborate lace for the underskirt and bodice are beautiful. As are the velvet with gold lace trim for the outer skirt. But just imagine the outer skirt in a light weight woolen or silk tartan, flowing out into a train, and lined with a contrasting silk.
Even without the wide lace edging the skirt, it would look stunning. Then add a border of lace or Celtic knot embroidery in gold or a color from the tartan and your dress would be beyond words.
For a headpiece and veil McCalls pattern #2057, view B, would work well.
Constructing the braid from the primary tartan in the outer skirt plus a secondary tartan would easily take the place of Eugenie's crown. Vintage jewelry, or reproduction pieces from either Sapphire and Sage , featured July 8th - 10th or Very Merry Seamstress, featured July 13th, would complete the dream for your Scottish theme wedding.
October 15, 2007 06:20 - Empress Victoria of Prussia in a Regal Gown
For anyone who would say, "I have plain brown hair," just look at this portrait! Granted she's the daughter of Victoria and Albert and raised in an atmosphere of royalty. But when you add the regal bearing, the jewels, and the gown - what a knockout.
And you could be too. She doesn't appear to be skinny, or even slender, but the fashions of the time can be deceiving.
The hair is an example of hair-taping, discussed on the July 12th blog. The tape just happens to be a strand of pearls. But you can do that also.
The other hair clips appear to be just friggle-fraggles of pearls, placed strategically where the braids cross at the front part and along the nape of the neck, possibly four or five following the hairline.
Her earrings recall Vermeer's Girl With a Pearl Earring. These two portraits show some things are classic and never go out of style.
Princess Victoria's gown and stole would make anyone feel like a princess. The lace is gorgeous, while the shade of lavender appears to be an iridescent silk taffeta. The underdress may be the same color or fabric as the bows and sash.
Tomorrow we'll start a discussion of bridal hair and hair adornments, beginning with the traditional Breid Tri Chearnach.
Editor's Note: Sapphire and Sage has a replica of the Girl with the Pearl Earring.
October 16, 2007 07:10 - Donning the Breid Tri Chearnach
As a young, unmarried girl the bride had worn a cockermonie, or snood. Upon arising the morning after her wedding, she was to put on the headdress of a married woman.
Called a kertch, or breid tri chearnach, this was a three-cornered piece of linen, bleached it's very whitest. The kertch was tied under the chin, while the point hanging down the back was often elaborately embroidered, showing the woman's needlework skills.
Ceremony required that the bride's mother place the kertch on the bride's head. Next the mother would offer up a prayer to God that her daughter would, as a married woman, walk under the guidance of the Holy Trinity.
I suspect the Trinity knot appeared in a prominent place on the kertch.
The Reverend Donald MacLeod, of Skye, wrote a poem greeting his bride when she first appeared wearing her breid tri chearnach. This became the standard prayer for mothers to use.
Be thou hospitable, yet be wise,
Be thou vigorous, yet be calm,
Be thou frank, but be reserved,
Be thou exact, yet generous.
With thy kertch,
To thee a thousand thousand hails.
In the 1800's the kertch evolved into a mutch, a lovely white linen or cotton bonnet, much adorned with lace and frills that required a specially adapted iron to keep the frills ironed and neat.
Starting tomorrow, a discussion of bridal hair and hair adornments, including crowns, circlets, roundlets, tiaras, turbans, hats, caps...
October 17, 2007 17:13 - Fashionable Turbans
Turbans are an oriental headdress. Long pieces of cloth are rolled, sometimes formed over a close-fitting cap. Whenever European culture was exposed to the Orient, the turban became fashionable…the 11th to 13th century Crusades, the capture of Constantinople in 1453, the Napoleonic Wars.
European women, including those of Scotland, have worn turbans, or wrapped scarves, off and on for hundreds of years. In Monday's blog, October 16, the portrait by Vermeer shows a 17th century modified turban.
In the later 1700's turbans revived once again and were seen with open and closed tops as seen in these Village Hat Shop illustrations.
The Victorians wore wrapped varieties of head-dress, which continued into the 20th century. In the 1940's and 1950's turbans once again became fashionable. In this era they were called cache-misere, hide misery, or what to wear on a bad hair day. Today they are fashionable with chemotherapy patients with hair loss.
If you're wanting to create the illusion of long hair, one way is to don a turban, including a matching 3-strand braid up to waist length that can hang to one side. Sewing a few crystal or semi-precious beads along the length of the braid will add luster and formality.
For more information about turbans and how to wrap them, go to Scottish Wedding Dreams turban page.
October 18, 2007 17:52 - No Blog Today
Due to illness, there will be no blog posted today.
October 19, 2007 07:36 - Roundlets
Roundlets are a Medieval headdress that carried forward through fashion eras. So you have a better idea, here's an illustration from Burda pattern #2509.
The roundlets were covered with velvet, silk, or ribbons, then decorated with jewels. Sometimes a second color fabric was wrapped then gathered to reveal the under fabric, or wrapped more sparingly. Others were covered with a tube of fabric, loosely gathered like a scrunchy. These could also have a second fabric wrapped over the first.
Tartans could very easily be used to cover the roundlets, giving you one more opportunity to display a clan or favorite tartan. In one example I've seen, the clan plant was wrapped and draped around the back of the roundlet, from ear to ear, lightly resting above the nape of the neck. This could be used to hide where your veil is connected to the roundlet.
For more information on roundlets, their construction, and a source for ordering ready-made roundlets, go to Scottish Wedding Dreams roundlets.
Coming Monday, snoods such as were worn by Scottish lassies before their wedding day…
October 22, 2007 06:07 - Snoods
Growing up in the Detroit area after World War II, my only association with snoods were the ones the ladies wore into the automobile factories. They were strictly utilitarian, to keep their long hair out of the machinery. And they were UGLY.
Then seeing the ones from the Civil War era that re-enactors wore. They weren't much better!
What a pleasant surprise to find that snoods could also be delicate, embellished with crystal beads, and crocheted of metallic threads! To learn they are a hair accessory, hundreds of years old... and once worn with beautiful, elegant, exquisite gowns. That was a real eye-opener for me.
A snood was the customary hair covering for a young lassie in Scotland, before they were wed. But it wasn't what we call a snood today. They were a 1 inch silken ribbon, braided into their hair.
After she married, the breid tri chearnach, as discussed on October 16th, was worn.
There are a myriad of crochet patterns for snoods, plus a variety of sources that sell ready-made and custom-made snoods. Some are attached to headbands, others to tiaras and circlets.
Courtesy Baba-C Designs
One could easily be worn as part of your wedding attire for a Scottish theme wedding. Scottish Wedding Dreams Snoods page has lots of information and resources.
Coming tomorrow, Tiaras with a Celtic flair...
October 23, 2007 08:18 - Tiaras
For brides there is such a wide variety of tiaras and crowns available. To get more specific, that is for a Scottish theme wedding, there are still a wide selection of styles and sources.
They can be bejeweled or plain metal. Jewels and crystals can be added. Some have Claddagh, Luckenbooth, and Celtic Knot designs incorporated. Others reproduce the crowns of royalty, the leaves of the Celts, and bridal flowers common to all cultures.
This leaf design is inexpensive, yet it speaks of Medieval gowns, tartans and a flowing veil.
The Celtic knots in this design, plus the green crystals evoke the ancient clans…or maybe just Eowyn of Rohan…either way, it's a lovely bridal piece.
Talk about a superb Luckenbooth, this one by Celtia Gowns would make any bride feel like a queen for her day.
For more information about various tiaras and crowns, Scottish Wedding Dreams
Tiaras, Etc. page has sources for ordering head pieces, plus some do-it-yourself ideas.
Coming tomorrow, circlets…
October 24, 2007 05:56 - Circlets
Historically, a circlet is a small crown that has neither arches nor internal fabric covering. Many nations' crowns are circlets.
In modern times, a circlet differs from tiaras or crowns in that they are smaller and less dramatic. They are less showy, even though they can be elaborately bejeweled. Often a circlet rides lower on the forehead, but it can be placed within the hairline. Usually adjustable, the circlet is secured with ties or a clasp in back.
The weight of a crown or tiara is often too much for a girl or young lady, so they wear a circlet instead. Imagine a young flower girl in a full tiara. Then think how much more relaxed and comfortable she would seem in a circlet.
Here's an example of a circlet.
Mara by Babe C Designs
To learn more about circlets, including sources go to Scottish Wedding Dreams Circlets
Tomorrow's subject, caplets for a Scottish theme wedding…
October 25, 2007 07:16 - Caplets, Barrettes, Clips and Hair Wraps
Caplets are small decorative hair coverings. Everyday ones would be of fine linen or cotton, ruffled and starched. Bridal caplets tend to be fancier, predominantly displaying pearls or jewels.
One offered by Sapphire and Sage is netted pearls. Another name for a netted caplet is rete, which simply means netting.
Barrettes are another popular hair ornament. At Highland Games, the jewelry booths often have barrettes with Celtic designs. There are also online sources.
Centaur and Tomas the Lapidary are two I've found.
Tomas the Lapidary also offers a metal hairstick, with a variety of choices that match some Highland Clan Plant Badges.
Hair bows, in velvet, silk, or tartan have been another popular hair adornment down through the ages. This 1910 Edwardian bow is a good example.
Hair combs can be used to dress up hair, long or short. Colleen Collection has combs with Celtic designs.
Celtic charms attached to bobby pins, clips, and hair sticks are another way to proclaim your Scottish heritage.
One last idea from Baba C Designs, is a hair wrap, which could be a Celtic knot design. Other hair wraps are sometimes found in jeweler's booths at Highland Games.
For more details, go to Scottish Wedding Dreams Caplets.
Coming tomorrow, Hats with a Celtic Twist…
October 26, 2007 07:30 - Pill Box Hats
A pillbox hat is a small woman's hat. It has straight, upright sides and a flat crown, with no brim.
In contemporary times, Jacqueline Kennedy brought the pillbox back into fashion during JFK's term as U.S. President.
Historically, the pillbox was a military hat, worn with a chin strap. One is still worn as part of the Royal Military College of Canada dress uniform.
Giuseppe Garibaldi was a military adventurer in Uruguay and Argentina. Garibaldi fought two wars for independence in his native Italy, plus Greece and other European countries. A popular folk-hero, the ladies adopted his shirt and military cap in the 1860's, once again bringing the pillbox hat into fashion.
This pattern from Patterns of Time shows both Elizabethan and Garibaldi-esque views.
For more information Scottish Wedding Dreams Hats has more designs appropriate for Scottish theme weddings with historical overtones.
Coming Monday, other hat styles for a Scottish theme wedding…
October 29, 2007 06:05 - Glengarry Bonnets
Throughout history women have adapted men's head gear to their own needs. The three types of Scottish bonnets ~ glengarry, Balmoral, and Tam O'Shanter ~ are no exceptions.
Today we'll cover the Glengarry bonnet, first from the male perspective.
From old portraits, Scotsmen were wearing this style in 1812, probably earlier.
From 1868 to 1902 the Glengarry was the British soldier's "undress" cap for ordinary duty, also worn for walking out "dress" cap.
By 1914, all the Scottish regiments, except the Cameron Scottish Rifles and the Scots Guards, were wearing the dark blue Glengarry. The bands were diced red and white and the toories were red, royal blue or black per regimental traditions.
A diced band can be seen on this drummer ~
Scottish Wedding Dreams Image
In 1937 the Glengarry became the universal field service cap of the British Army.
To properly set the Glengarry on your head, use American military uniform regulation ~ two fingers above the right eyebrow, two fingers above the right ear.
Since World War II this has changed and the Glengarry is often worn level on the head.
For more information go to Scottish Wedding Dreams Scottish Bonnets.
Tomorrow, the Balmoral, it's history and current use…
October 30, 2007 02:41 - Balmoral Bonnets
Though the first recorded Balmoral style of bonnet appears in a 16th century portrait, the name 'Balmoral' , as in Balmoral Castle, dates from the late 19th century.
The Balmoral was originally a soft, knitted cap with a flat voluminous crown. Traditionally it was blue, thus giving the Highlanders the nickname 'Bluebonnets'.
Image Courtesy Clipart
The band was sometimes diced, as on the Glengarry, and sometimes plain. Also like the Glengarry, a colored toorie, or pompom, sat in the middle of the crown.
As with the Glengarry, a cockade sits on the left side. In the military this is the regimental insignia. For an individual or a member of a pipe band it's usually their clan badge.
The tapes flowing from the band are sometimes worn hanging free as on the Glengarry. Though most men tie the ribbons in a small, neat bow. Traditionally, free flowing ribbons signified a fancy-free lad, while a knotted Balmoral signified the wearer's affections were engaged elsewhere.
For more details about the Balmoral, go to Scottish Wedding Dreams Scottish Bonnets.
Tomorrow, information about the Tam O'Shanter…
October 31, 2007 06:44 - Tam O'Shanter Bonnet
In 1790 Robert Burns wrote a poem about a local farmer on market day. His ride home, after too much liquor and past the local graveyard, included an hallucinogenic dance with witches, warlocks, and the devil. The poem is considered one of Burns' best and also birthed the Tam O'Shanter bonnet.
The tam is woolen, with a tooried (pompom) in the center. The crown is almost double the diameter of the head. Originally all were dyed blue, thus called 'Bluebonnets'. Today they are sold in a variety of colors and tartans.
The tam, known as the 'general service cap' was worn by British and Canadian infantry during World War II.
Singapore Campaign Image Courtesy Wikipedia
Some regiments continue to wear the tam as battle headdress. The crown is narrower. Highland battalions slope theirs down from back to front. Lowland battalions slope theirs left to right, similar to a beret.
Traditionally, soldiers wore a tam, while officer and senior NCO's wear a Balmoral or Glengarry.
For more information on Tams go to Scottish Wedding Dreams Scottish Bonnets.
Beginning tomorrow, Cockades, Hackles, and Toories…