What’s Blazon and Who Does It Marshall?

What’s blazon and who does it marshall? Where do these terms come in?

They aren’t parts of heraldic arms. Blazon is the language of heraldry, while marshalling is the art of correctly arranging armorial bearings on the arms

It’s the terminology, the jargon or argot used to describe the whole field of heraldry. This language describes the field, charges, and sub-charges. Using this known language, a coat-of-arms, crest, or badge can easily and accurately be reproduced.

And marshalling is the art of correctly arranging armorial bearings on the arms. To better understand this language, many of the terms used are of French origin, so the adjectives are placed after, not before, the nouns.

Marshalling

A baron, knight, or higher peer of the realm, may display a coronet of rank between the shield and helmet. In Continental heraldry, the coronet is above the crest. Anyone below this rank should not display a coronet.

Two or more coats of arms can be combined on one shield. This tells a longer tale of inheritance, property, or occupation of an office.

Marshalling divisions can take different geometic patterns

  • Impalement ~ dividing the shield in halves to display 2 genealogical alliancesWith the husband on the left (dexter) and the wife on the right (sinister).

    In rare cases where the wife was of higher rank than the husband, her arms wer placed on the dexter (left) side.

  • Inescutcheon ~ a smaller shield placed within the main shield

  • Quartering ~ dividing the shield into four quadrants to display the heritage of 4 families. The most common reason for quartering is to show what heiresses have married into the family.

  • Quartering of Six ~ 2 rows of 3

  • Quarterly Quartering ~ the Scottish strongly resist displaying more than 4 quarters. Instead they use grand quartering and counter quartering

Quartering to the Extreme

Called the Grenville Diptych, this was produced between 1822 and 1839. There are 719 quarterings of the family.

The display of arms includes ten variations of the English Royal arms, plus the arms of Spencer, De Clare, Valence, Mowbray, Mortimer, and De Grey, and others.


Grenville Diptych image courtest Wikipedia


Due to marshalling of the arms, stained glass and brasses on the floors of churches can be of great help to determine family connections,


To return to Heraldry


Leave Blazon & Marshalling and
Return to Scottish Wedding Dreams Home Page